Parathyroid Disease - Thyroid Guide - Thyroid Supplements

Parathyroid Disease

The parathyroid glands are two pairs of glands found on the surface of the thyroid gland that secretes parathyroid hormones. The parathyroid gland is also part of the endocrine system just like the thyroid gland. A parathyroid hormone is a substance that helps regulate the calcium level in the body. The body needs calcium to make teeth and bones strong. A normal calcium level in the bloodstream is very important for the normal function of muscles and nerves. The parathyroid hormones are the one responsible for raising the amount of calcium in the bloodstream.

It removes calcium from bones by increasing the amount of calcium included in one’s diet and decreasing the amount of calcium being excreted in the urine. If one or more parathyroid glands become overactive, it secretes too much parathyroid hormones or PTH, thus an individual will then suffer from a disorder called hyperparathyroidism.

If one or more parathyroid glands become underactive, it is referred to as hypoparathyroidism. In this condition, the parathyroid glands fail to secrete enough parathyroid hormones to regulate the calcium level in the body. Hyperparathyroidism and hypoparathyroidism are both examples of parathyroid diseases. Parathyroid diseases are more common to adults than in children.

Parathyroid Disease Symptoms

Below are common parathyroid disease symptoms:

  • Not feeling quite normal
  • Feels old
  • Loss of energy
  • Can’t concentrate
  • Depression
  • Osteoporosis
  • Gastric acid reflux or heartburn
  • Thinning hair (common in middle aged women; on the front part of the scalp)
  • Decrease libido or sex drive
  • Tired during the day and frequently feels sleepy
  • Memory loss (forgets simple things that may be remembered easily; worsening memory)
  • Irritable, cranky, hard to get along with
  • Recurrent headaches (especially for patients under the age of 40)
  • High blood pressure (sometimes mild, sometimes severe)
  • Kidney stones
  • Heart palpitations

Parathyroid Disease Diagnosis

Parathyroid glands are within the endocrine system. It is easy to detect and diagnose parathyroid disease by measuring one’s hormone. An individual’s parathyroid hormones will be measured and compared to the amount of calcium found in the blood. All endocrine gland hormones and all other hormones in the body are found to have a normal level in the blood. If an endocrine gland is found to develop a tumor, it will overproduce its hormone. In the case of a parathyroid gland tumor, it over produces parathyroid hormones or PTH which in return takes out the calcium from the bones and puts it into the blood. What makes an individual sick in this case is the high level of calcium in the blood. A blood calcium level that is too high and is associated to a high parathyroid hormone level is usually due to a tumor in the parathyroid gland.

Parathyroid Disease Treatment

Studies show that since 1925, the standard treatment for parathyroid disease is to surgically remove the parathyroid gland(s) which are overproducing parathyroid hormones. Since it is a hormone problem, what surgeons do is to remove the source of the excess parathyroid hormone and just leave the normal parathyroid gland(s). Surgeons look for the parathyroid gland(s) that has become a tumor and also look for the cause of too much parathyroid hormone production. The parathyroid gland(s) will then be removed. The normal parathyroid glands will take over in secreting parathyroid hormones.

Thyroid FAQ & Links to Related Articles


There are four parathyroid glands that are normally having the size of a single rice grain. In some normal cases, they can be as big as the size of a pea.


Also called underactive thyroid, hypothyroidism is a disorder that is characterized by abnormal level of thyroid hormones in the body, which is too low.

Thyroid Glands

The thyroid is a butterfly (pear)-shaped gland, it consists of 2 symmetrical lobes joined by a central isthmus that normally covers the 2nd & 3rd tracheal rings.

Congenital Hypothyroidism

Congenital hypothyroidism is a thyroid gland disorder that may lead to deafness or mental retardation if left undetected.

Thyroid Depression

Hypothyroidism can cause depression. Most people don?t realize that this feeling is depression caused by the thyroid gland not functioning as it should.

Papillary Thyroid Cancer

Papillary thyroid cancer is one of the thyroid cancer types. This type of thyroid cancer arises from the follicles in the thyroid gland.

Thyroid Gland Function

The thyroid gland is located immediately below the larynx on each side of and anterior to the trachea. It is one of the largest of the endocrine glands

Thyroid Hormone

These thyroid hormones are responsible in regulating the body?s metabolism, which is how much food will be broken down into useful energy for consumption.

Thyroid Levels

When the thyroid gland produces too much thyroid hormone, one may suffer from hyperthyroidism.

Thyroid Stimulating Hormone

The thyroid stimulating hormone is produced by the pituitary gland. The thyroid stimulating hormone promotes the growth of the thyroid gland.

Thyroid Hormones

Thyroid hormones are chemical substances produced by the thyroid gland. The thyroid gland is located in the front of the neck.

Supplements for the Thyroid

Natural thyroid supplements are helpful as a remedy to thyroid disorders. Its natural ingredients assure one of its safeties in taking it.

Thyroid Symptoms in Women

The thyroid gland is an endocrine gland that is the primary responsible in regulating the body?s metabolism.

Thyroid Surgery

Thyroid surgery is used to treat people with thyroid problems such as thyroid cancer, thyroid nodules and hyperthyroidism.

Thyroid Test

Thyroid tests or thyroid function tests are done to check the thyroid function in one?s body. A doctor will be able to determine and diagnose the thyroid disorder.

Thyroid Treatment

Treatment for thyroid disorders should be done to prevent unwanted results caused by the severity of the condition. Consult a physician for more of these treatments.


Thyroidectomy is a surgical process wherein the whole or a part of the thyroid gland is removed. This surgical process is used to treat thyroid disorders.

Underactive Thyroid

Having an underactive thyroid is a minor problem but it seeks proper attention to avoid further health problems. Consult a physician about any thyroid problem.

Low Thyroid

Low thyroid, also known as hypothyroidism, is a condition where the thyroid gland is under active.

Underactive Thyroid Diet

Following a healthy meal plan, exercise and proper medication goes hand in hand to treat hypothyroidism. Consult a physician for a more individualized plan.

Thyroid Cancer Treatment

Each thyroid cancer treatment depends on the type of thyroid cancer and the extent or stage of the thyroid cancer one is suffering from.

Parathyroid Hormone Levels

Parathyroid hormones are considered to be the most important endocrine regulator. It basically regulates the calcium and phosphorus concentration in the body.

Parathyroid Disease

Studies show that since 1925, the standard treatment for parathyroid disease is to surgically remove the parathyroid gland(s) which are overproducing parathyroid hormones.

Parathyroid Adenoma

Parathyroid adenoma is a small tumor of the parathyroid gland and is known to be the most common disorder of the gland.

Medullary Thyroid Cancer

Medullary thyroid cancer is one of the types of thyroid cancer. This type of thyroid cancer is more common in women than in men.

Overactive Thyroid

Most people don?t feel any symptoms. Others can just lose weight and just feel depressed for no reason at all.


Suppose you go in for a routine checkup and your doctor decides to test your thyroid function. You?ve experienced no thyroid disease symptoms

Hypothyroidism Symptoms

Hypothyroidism develops for over a long period of time. It?s normally from several months to even several years.

Hypothyroidism Natural Treatment

People who are suffering from hypothyroidism are advised to get plenty of exercise and have a balanced and healthy diet. The diet must be rich in protein and iodine.

Hypothyroidism Diet

Self medicating one?s thyroid disorder with hypothyroidism diet pills without proper information of the diet pill does not address the problem.

Hyperthyroidism Symptoms & Treatment

Hyperthyroidism is when the thyroid gland is overactive and produces too much thyroid hormones more than the body needs.


Hypothyroidism is one of the chronic diseases in the world. Hypothyroidism is also known as underactive thyroid; hypo means under or below normal.

Anaplastic Thyroid Cancer

Anaplastic thyroid cancer is a type of thyroid cancer that is rare and aggressive. It affects the thyroid gland and most especially its function.

Thyroid Disorders

Problems arise if the thyroid gland is overactive or underactive. There are three common thyroid disorders. These are hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism and the thyroid nodules.

Thyroid Hair Loss

Hair loss may happen for so many reasons but it is commonly associated to thyroid problems such as hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism.

Thyroid Function Test

Thyroid Function Tests are the different tests conducted to assess and determine the cause of an individual?s thyroid problems.